Architectural features illustrated

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright October 2021, Adrian S Pye; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
Images also under a similar Creative Commons Licence.


Scroll - Ornamental element featuring a sequence of spiraled, circled or heart shaped motifs. There are, among others, flower scrolls, foliated scrolls, plants scrolls, vines scrolls.
J3474 : Imperial Buildings, Belfast (4) by Albert Bridge ST5872 : Detail of 17-31 Park Street, Bristol by Stephen Richards TF7505 : Beachamwell village sign by Adrian S Pye SU5867 : Gateway near Woolhampton by Stephen Richards

Semi-detached - Conjoined dwellings with one common wall
SO7337 : Semi-detached cottages by Philip Halling SP0982 : Older semi-detached houses, Wake Green Road, Springfield, Birmingham by Robin Stott NZ2468 : Semi detached houses on Cheswick Drive, Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne by Graham Robson SO7944 : Semi-detached houses by Philip Halling

Skeiling - A straight sloped part of a ceiling, such as on the underside of a pitched roof.

Sommer or Summer - Girder or main "summer beam" of a floor: if supported on two storey posts and open below, also called a "bress" or "breast-summer". Often found at the centreline of the house to support one end of a joist, and to bear the weight of the structure above (See Bresummer)
TR3358 : 20, High Street by John Baker TG2309 : The Great Hospital - carriage passage by Evelyn Simak TR3358 : Sandwich, Strand Street by Helmut Zozmann SP7387 : Old Grammar School, Market Harborough by Andrew Abbott SK5361 : 72 West Gate, Mansfield by Alan Murray-Rust

Spandrel - The space between two arches or between an arch and a rectangular enclosure. In a building facade, the space between the top of the window in one story and the sill of the window in the story above.
TM4198 : The church of All Saints - bell rope holders by Evelyn Simak TM4198 : The church of All Saints - rood screen (Thurlton Dragon) by Evelyn Simak TM3174 : Cratfield, St. Mary's Church:  West doorway spandrels, the woodwose fighting the dragon by Michael Garlick TL7190 : Feltwell village sign by Adrian S Pye NY9166 : Lych Gate, Church of St Michael, Warden by Andrew Curtis

Spere - The fixed structure between the great hall and the screens passage in an English medieval timber house.
SH4137 : Penarth Fawr Medieval Hall, Chwilog by Jo and Steve Turner SH4137 : Interior detail of timbers at Penarth Fawr. by Stephen Elwyn RODDICK SH4137 : Penarth Fawr by Alan Fryer SJ4912 : Screens passage of Nag's Head Hall, Wyle Cop, Shrewsbury by Humphrey Bolton

Spire - A tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building.
TF3287 : St.James' church spire by Richard Croft TF0535 : Saint Nicholas, Walcot: The Spire by Bob Harvey SP3378 : Christchurch Spire, Coventry by David P Howard SK3871 : The Twisted Spire by David Dixon TM0157 : Great Finborough St Andrew’s church by Adrian S Pye

Springer - The lowest voussoir on each side of an arch
J3473 : Railway arches, Belfast (5) by Albert Bridge NT2673 : New Waverley Arches 10-11 by M J Richardson J1984 : Railway bridge, Dunadry (4) by Albert Bridge TF2366 : Detail of South Door, St Michael's church by J.Hannan-Briggs

Squinch - A piece of construction used for filling in the upper angles of a square room so as to form a proper base to receive an octagonal or spherical dome.
S1971 : Castles of Munster: Tullow, Tipperary (1) by Garry Dickinson TF0924 : Church of St John the Baptist :Tower by Bob Harvey TL6427 : Interior of St Mary the Virgin Church, Lindsell by Marathon

Squint - An opening, often arched, through an internal wall of a church providing an oblique view of the altar.
SP7261 : Duston - St Luke's - Leper's squint (probably) by Rob Farrow TF0118 : Church of St.Medard & St.Gildard:  Chancel Door by Bob Harvey ST8663 : Squint, Church of All Saints, Great Chalfield Manor, Wiltshire by Brian Robert Marshall TF0635 : Saint Nicholas, Walcot: Looking through the squint by Bob Harvey

Stoop -
A small staircase ending in a platform and leading to the entrance of an apartment building or other building.
TF0516 : St Andrew's Church: Holy Water Stoop by Bob Harvey ND4493 : House in Front Road by Anne Burgess SJ5509 : Hall Steps by Gordon Griffiths SE4017 : Steps on the east front of Nostell Priory by Philip Halling TM2749 : Front of the Shire Hall, Woodbridge. by Dave Croker

Sunburst - A design or figure commonly used in architectural ornaments and design patterns, including art nouveau.
TQ3268 : Inter-war housing, Foulsham Road, Thornton Heath by Christopher Hilton TF3287 : Sunburst by Richard Croft SO8455 : Detail of 42 Foregate Street, Worcester by Stephen Richards ST7733 : Apollo, Stourhead by Colin Smith

Syrian arch - in American architecture, esp. Richardsonian Romanesque, this refers to an archway that begins at the ground, rather than being set upon a supporting pedestal.
NT2673 : New Waverley Arch 3 by M J Richardson NT2673 : What might be... - the fourth arch on East Market Street by M J Richardson NY3955 : Railway arch at English Damside by Thomas Nugent H4772 : Bridge arch, Cranny by Kenneth  Allen


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