Architectural features illustrated

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright October 2021, Adrian S Pye; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
Images also under a similar Creative Commons Licence.


Undercroft - a storehouse or storeroom, also known as cellarium (from the Latin cella, "pantry"), usually in a medieval monastery or castle.
TG0244 : Blakeney Undercroft by Ashley Dace SK9771 : Greyfriars Undercroft by Richard Croft TM4599 : St Olave's Priory in St Olaves - C13 undercroft by Evelyn Simak NS5666 : Undercroft, University of Glasgow by Richard Sutcliffe

Ventilation shaft - A small, vertical space within a tall building which permits ventilation of the building.
TQ3880 : Blackwall Tunnel ventilation shafts & the Ontario Tower by Nigel Cox TQ4180 : Silvertown tunnel vent shaft by Stephen Craven TQ1667 : Ventilation shaft beside the Thames near Hampton Court by David Kemp SJ3391 : Mersey Tunnel Ventilation Shaft, Waterloo Road, Liverpool by David Dixon

Vierendeel truss - A rectilinear truss usually fabricated of steel or concrete with horizontal top and bottom chords and vertical web members (no diagonals) in which the loads imposed on it are transferred to the supports through bending forces resisted in its connections.
NZ3957 : Railway bridge over the River Wear, Sunderland by JThomas NZ3957 : Sunderland Bridges by N T Stobbs TQ3884 : Bridge over the railway at Stratford Station by Bill Boaden TQ3884 : Stratford station - west side by Peter Whatley

Volute - A spiral, scroll-like ornament that forms the basis of the Ionic order. Similarity to an inverted spandrel
SO5924 : Gateway, Ross-on-Wye (2) by Stephen Richards NJ1261 : Bellcote on Alves Parish Kirk by Anne Burgess SK5740 : Detail of 32 Heathcoat Street, Nottingham by Stephen Richards ST9332 : Detail of gateway near Fonthill Bishop by Stephen Richards

Voussoir - A wedge-shaped or tapered stone between the springer and the keystone used to construct an arch.
ST7475 : Pavilion, Dyrham Park by Derek Harper SD5185 : Sellet Hall Bridge by Adrian Taylor SD5185 : Benchmark, Sellet Hall Bridge by Adrian Taylor SK2129 : Tutbury Bridge, detail by Alan Murray-Rust

Wing - A lateral part or projection of a building or structure such as a wing wall.
SD4616 : Rufford Old Hall by David Dixon SD4616 : Rufford Old Hall, East Wing by David Dixon TG1728 : West Wing of  Blickling Hall by Les Hull SK6465 : Rufford Abbey Mill  west wing by Alan Murray-Rust SO7664 : Entrance court, Witley Court by Alan Murray-Rust

Widow's walk - A railed rooftop platform often having an inner cupola/turret frequently found on 19th-century North American coastal houses.

Ziggurat - from the form of a temple tower of the ancient Mesopotamian valley, having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding stories.
TM4993 : Burgh St Peter,  St Mary's church by Adrian S Pye SP5006 : Ziggurat-like tower, Saïd Business School by Philip Halling TQ3580 : Ratcliff: Free Trade Wharf, 340 The Highway, E1 (1) by Nigel Cox inverted SP0686 : Birmingham Central Library by E Gammie


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