Architectural features illustrated

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright October 2021, Adrian S Pye; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
Images also under a similar Creative Commons Licence.


Clerestory - Upper part of the nave of a large church, containing a series of windows.
SK2129 : Church of St Mary, Tutbury by Alan Murray-Rust SK7713 : Church of St James, Little Dalby by Alan Murray-Rust TF0207 : Church of All Saints, Stamford by Alan Murray-Rust SK1746 : Church of St Oswald, Ashbourne by Alan Murray-Rust

Clock gable - also known as Dutch gable, is a gable or facade with decorative clock-shape, characteristic of traditional Dutch architecture.
SW8458 : Dutch gable at Trerice by David Hawgood NJ9405 : Going Dutch? by Bill Harrison NY4055 : Dutch gable, former Electric Lighting Station by Rose and Trev Clough SX9687 : Dutch Houses, Topsham by Robin Drayton

Clock tower - A tower specifically designed to house a clock
NZ4349 : Former Police Station renamed Marquess Point; Listed building (Seaham) by Les Hull SX9163 : Clock tower, Torquay by Derek Harper SX4556 : Clock tower, HMS Drake by Derek Harper SX4754 : Derry Clock Tower by N Chadwick

Cloister -
ST7684 : Ambulatory at Horton Court by Rick Crowley TG2308 : The Cloisters, Norwich Cathedral by Philip Halling TG2308 : Norwich Cathedral by Richard Croft TG2308 : Norwich - Cathedral - Cloisters by Rob Farrow

Coffer - in architecture, is a sunken panel in the shape of a square, rectangle, or octagon that serves as a decorative device, usually in a ceiling or vault. Also called caissons, or lacunar
TL1916 : Ayot St. Lawrence, St. Lawrence's  Church: The coffered ceiling in the nave by Michael Garlick SP5106 : The coffered ceiling of All Souls' buttery by Chris Brown TQ3081 : Interior detail of Theatre Royal Drury Lane, Russell Street (1) by Stephen Richards ST4928 : Somerton: St. Michael and All Angels church: The nave roof with its 640 deeply coffered panels by Michael Garlick

Column - A structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below.
ST3286 : Fluted columns support a Corporation Road railway bridge, Newport by Jaggery NY4754 : Vulcan by the forge by Adrian Taylor TQ2783 : Columns and arches by Stephen Craven SE4017 : Columns and pediment, Nostell Priory by Philip Halling

Coping - The capping or covering of a wall.
NN7745 : Unusual arrangement of coping stones by Russel Wills SP2865 : Eroded stone wall, St Mary's churchyard, Warwick by Robin Stott NT6776 : New stone work by M J Richardson NH4652 : Stone wall on the Aultgowrie - Fairburn track by valenta

Corbel - A structural piece of stone, wood or metal jutting from a wall to carry a superincumbent weight.
SK8524 : Church of St Bartholomew, Sproxton by Alan Murray-Rust TF2463 : Two ladies corbel by Richard Croft SK8723 : The Church of St John the Baptist: Double Corbel by Bob Harvey SK6989 : Church of All Saints, Mattersey by Alan Murray-Rust

Corinthian order - One of the three orders or organisational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture characterised by columns which stood on the flat pavement of a temple with a base, their vertical shafts fluted with parallel concave grooves topped by a capital decorated with acanthus leaves, that flared from the column to meet an abacus with concave sides at the intersection with the horizontal beam that they carried.
SP6836 : The Corinthian Arch, Stowe by Philip Halling TA0929 : Church St Charles Borromeo, Doorway by David Dixon NJ9406 : Crossing the road by the Royal Bank of Scotland by Bill Harrison SP3265 : The Jephson Memorial, Jephson Gardens by David Dixon

Cornice - Upper section of an entablature, a projecting shelf along the top of a wall often supported by brackets or corbels.
SP8796 : Lyddington Bede House, Great Chamber by Richard Croft SO8744 : Corinthian column and entablature, Island Temple, Croome Park by Philip Halling SO8744 : Detail of the Island Temple, Croome Park by Philip Halling TA0322 : New Hall, Barton Upon Humber by David Wright

Crescent - terrace of houses constructed on a curve
TQ8209 : Pelham Crescent by Oast House Archive ST7465 : Royal Crescent, Bath by Jeff Buck ST7465 : Royal Crescent - Bath (2) by Mike Searle TQ2904 : Adelaide Crescent by Paul Gillett

Cresting - Ornamentation along the ridge of a roof.
SX9164 : Finial, Upton School by Derek Harper SX9063 : Roof pavilion, Torquay Station by Derek Harper ST7614 : The old School House Bagber Common by Nigel Mykura SK8231 : Belvoir Estate cottage, near Knipton by Stefan Czapski

Cross Springer - Block from which the diagonal ribs of a vault spring or start. The top of the springer is known as the skewback
J3473 : Railway arches, Belfast (5) by Albert Bridge NT2673 : New Waverley Arches 10-11 by M J Richardson J1984 : Railway bridge, Dunadry (4) by Albert Bridge TF2366 : Detail of South Door, St Michael's church by J.Hannan-Briggs

Cross-wing - Wing attached to a main or original house block, its axis at right angles to the original block, and often gabled.
SO8840 : Farmhouse, Glebe Farm, Hill Croome by Philip Halling TL7645 : Clare Ancient House by Evelyn Simak SK5434 : 56 Village Road, Clifton by Alan Murray-Rust TL8564 : Bury St Edmunds houses [290] by Michael Dibb

Crypt - stone chamber beneath the floor of a church or other building. It typically contains coffins, sarcophagi, or religious relics.
SO8554 : Worcester Cathedral Crypt by David Dixon TQ3278 : St Peter's Walworth: crypt space by Stephen Craven TG0117 : The church of All Saints in Swanton Morley - the crypt by Evelyn Simak TF7613 : The church of St Mary in Narford - the crypt by Evelyn Simak

Cupola - A small, most often dome-like, structure on top of a building.
SO8540 : Cupola on Upton's Pepperpot Tower by Philip Halling J5082 : Cupola and chimneys, Bangor by Rossographer SJ4812 : Shrewsbury School: Cupola by Gerald England NS5965 : Italia and cupola by Alan Murray-Rust


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