Architectural features illustrated

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright October 2021, Adrian S Pye; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
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Facade - the face, an exterior view of a building, usually the front.
SJ4066 : Chester Library Facade by John S Turner SJ4066 : Chester Town Hall #1 by John S Turner SP0686 : The facade of Queen's College Chambers by Philip Halling TQ3381 : Lloyd's Facade by Peter McDermott

Fanlight - Window, semicircular or semi-elliptical in shape, with glazing bars or tracery sets radiating out like an open fan.
SE3221 : Door and fanlight window, St John's North by Philip Halling J3374 : Fanlight, Belfast by Albert Bridge SU8346 : Arched fanlight, West Street, Farnham by Jim Osley J3559 : Trinity Presbyterian church, Boardmills (3) by Albert Bridge

Fascia - Horizontal board attached to the lower end of rafters at the eaves, to which the gutter is usually fixed
SU5886 : New entrance by Bill Nicholls TQ2081 : Gutter cleaning by David Hawgood TF0819 : Houses on West Road by Bob Harvey TF0820 : A refurbished home by Bob Harvey

Finial - An element marking the top or end of some object, often formed to be a decorative feature.
J4569 : Church finial, Comber by Albert Bridge SX9164 : Finial, Upton School by Derek Harper SH7882 : Golden ball finial by Gerald England SD3036 : Kiosk finial by Gerald England J4873 : Newtownards Model School (4) by Albert Bridge SJ9593 : Crow at Laurel Bank by Gerald England TQ3939 : Staff of Asclepius, Jubilee Centre, Queen Victoria Hospital by Ian Capper SO8001 : Woodchester Mansion - 'Monkey holding an owl' finial by Rob Farrow ST9653 : Ridge finial by Michael Dibb

Flemish gable (see also clock gable) - gable whose sides have a shape made up of one or more curves and has a pediment at the top.
SK7881 : The Manor House, Church Street by Alan Murray-Rust SO6299 : Dutch gable and Gothic windows by Christine Johnstone TQ1772 : Archway with Dutch gable, Ham House by Stefan Czapski SJ7419 : Dutch house in Newport by Jonathan Billinger TM4290 : Beccles - Flemish House by Colin Smith SO8540 : Flemish style gable by Philip Halling

Flushwork - The decorative combination on the same flat plane of flint and ashlar stone. It is characteristic of medieval buildings, most of the survivors churches, in several areas of Southern England, but especially East Anglia.
TF7105 : St Andrew's church - elaborate flushwork decoration on south porch by Evelyn Simak TL9296 : Thompson, St. Martin's Church: Chequer flushwork next to the west doorway by Michael Garlick TL8646 : Flint flushwork and flowerbeds, Long Melford parish church by Stefan Czapski TF8541 : Burnham Thorpe, All Saints Church: The east wall with its fine flushwork by Michael Garlick TL9762 : Woolpit: St. Mary's Church: The superb flushwork, pity about the roof by Michael Garlick TM2952 : Ufford: St. Mary of the Assumption Church: The magnificent south porch (1475) by Michael Garlick [[[]]] [[[]]] [[[]]]

Flying buttress - A buttress that transmits the thrust to a heavy abutment by means of an arch or half-arch.
SU4829 : Fine example of buttresses - Winchester by Fernweh SO7745 : Flying buttresses, Malvern College by Philip Halling SO8454 : Looking through the buttress by Bill Nicholls NT0077 : Remains of the Barbican, Linlithgow Palace by Philip Halling

Foil - An architectural device based on a symmetrical rendering of leaf shapes, defined by overlapping circles of the same diameter that produce a series of cusps to make a lobe. Typically, the number of cusps can be three (trefoil), four (quatrefoil), five (cinquefoil), or a larger number.
ST6456 : Plaque, Newtown Chapel, Paulton by Derek Harper SP8383 : Rushton Triangular Lodge by Philip Halling TQ4156 : Quatrefoil window, St Mary's, Tatsfield by Ian Capper SK8333 : Stained glass window, St James's church, Woolsthorpe by Belvoir by Julian P Guffogg NZ3568 : Former Sunday School, Memorial Church, Albion Road, North Shields by Geoff Holland ST9378 : Effigy of a de Cerne knight - church of St James, Draycot Cerne by Mike Searle

Footprint - The area on a plan directly beneath a structure, that has the same perimeter as the structure.
NM6727 : Arranged stones near to Abhainn a' Bhail' Uir by Trevor Littlewood SJ5608 : Wroxeter Roman City, Site of the Bath House by David Dixon

Foot-stall - The lower part of a pier in architecture. (A literal translation of "pedestal.")
O1334 : Pedestal of the former Carlisle Statue, Phoenix Park, Dublin by P L Chadwick SP3747 : Obelisk memorial to Lieut. Col. F. S. Miller, former Radway Grange estate below Edgehill: 3 by Robin Stott NZ2464 : Newcastle War Memorial Pedestal, Front Face by David Dixon SD9303 : Blind Joe's Pedestal by David Dixon

Formeret - French term for the wall-rib carrying the web or filling-in of a vault.
SK7775 : Church of St Peter, East Drayton by Alan Murray-Rust SO8001 : Woodchester Mansion - Vaulting corbels by Rob Farrow TQ7415 : Vaulting in Battle Abbey by Philip Halling SO8318 : Fan vaulting, Gloucester Cathedral by Philip Halling


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