Architectural features illustrated

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright October 2021, Adrian S Pye; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
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Gable - A triangular portion of an end wall between the edges of a sloping roof.
NN0901 : Gable at Strachur by M J Richardson ST3188 : Ornate gables, Caerleon Road, Newport by Jaggery SO8318 : Gable and cathedral tower by Philip Halling SJ8358 : Gables in Little Moreton Hall by Philip Halling dual pitched SO8932 : Nodding gables, Key House, Tewkesbury by Philip Halling

Gable, Barrel -
SO6299 : Barrel gabled building by Philip Halling

Gable, crow stepped - is a stairstep type of design at the top of the triangular gable-end of a building. (also known as Stepped or Corbie gable)
NO6107 : Crow-step gable by John McMillan NO5603 : Crows step corbeling by Jim Bain NT4899 : Crow-stepped gables by Bill Kasman NT4899 : Crow-stepped gables by Bill Kasman NO5205 : Crow-stepped gable end of Kellie Castle's stable block by Stanley Howe SE3055 : Elim Pentecostal Church, Harrogate by Derek Harper TR1458 : The Roper Gate, St Dunstanís Street by John Baker

Gablets - a small ornamental gable over a buttress or similar feature in the Early English and Decorated periods, after which the buttresses generally terminated in pinnacles. The Early English gablets are generally plain, and very sharp in pitch. In the Decorated period they are often enriched with paneling and crockets. They are sometimes finished with small crosses, but more often with finials.
SO7745 : Flying buttresses, Malvern College by Philip Halling SX9292 : Massive buttresses, Exeter Cathedral by Rob Farrow NS9886 : Culross Palace Garden buttresses by Dr Richard Murray SK1109 : Cathedral Buttresses by Gordon Griffiths SX9292 : Buttresses, Exeter Cathedral by Derek Harper

Gablet roof or Dutch gable -
SU8712 : Historic House detail by Oast House Archive SO8714 : Barn, Upton St. Leonards by Derek Harper TL9149 : Lavenham houses [90] by Michael Dibb SS9121 : Oakford : Lychgate - Entrance to St Peter's Church by Lewis Clarke TQ8858 : Norwood Farmhouse by Penny Mayes

Gadrooning - Carved or curved moulding used in architecture and interior design as decorative motif, often consisting of flutes which are inverted and curved. Popular during the Italian Renaissance
ST7345 : Nunney:  All Saints Church; The 12th century font with gadrooning by Michael Garlick SU0268 : Font, Church of St Mary, Calstone Wellington by Brian Robert Marshall TQ2874 : Bandstand - Clapham Common by Paul Gillett SJ8990 : St  Peter's Chambers bay window by Gerald England

Galletting (also Garretting) - The process in which the gallets or small splinters of stone are inserted in the joints of coarse masonry to protect the mortar joints. They are stuck in while the mortar is wet
TQ2450 : Galleting by Ian Capper TQ2450 : Galleting by Ian Capper TQ1648 : Wall, Rose Hill by Ian Capper TQ1648 : Wall, Rose Hill by Ian Capper TR3358 : Detail of stonework by Penny Mayes

Gambrel - A symmetrical two-sided roof with two slopes on each side. (see also Roof for other types)
TF0206 : 27 St Peter's Street, Stamford by Alan Murray-Rust TF0206 : Austin House, 4 Austin Street, Stamford by Alan Murray-Rust TF0307 : Former stables adjacent to Brazenose School House by Alan Murray-Rust TF0307 : 19 Broad Street, Stamford by Alan Murray-Rust

Gargoyle - A carved stone grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof.
SJ8398 : Queen Victoria Jubilee Fountain (Gargoyle Waterspouts) by David Dixon J4974 : Gargoyle, Newtownards by Rossographer SY5790 : Gargoyle (2) by Jonathan Kington SY6779 : Weymouth - Gargoyle (1) by Chris Talbot

Garret - A habitable attic at the top of a larger building, generally with sloping walls, and with skylights or dormer windows.
SJ9856 : Albion Street by Alan Murray-Rust SO8427 : Haw Farm, Hawbridge by Rose Webb SO8427 : Farmhouse, Haw Farm by Philip Halling SK9771 : 1 Wordsworth Street by Jo Turner NT2573 : Bank Street tenement by kim traynor

Gauged brickwork (aka rubbed brickwork) - Brickwork constructed of soft bricks rubbed to achieve a fine smooth finish with narrow joints between courses.
SJ8891 : Hope Inn by Gerald England SO4959 : The Forbury by Philip Halling SO9422 : Strozzi Palace, Clarence Street by Philip Halling SP7287 : The Poplars, Market Harborough by Andrew Abbott SJ8499 : Ashton House by David Dixon SK3516 : Mantingolm House, 87 Market Street, Ashby-de-la-Zouch by Oliver Mills

Gazebo - A freestanding pavilion structure often found in parks, gardens and public areas.
SK8932 : Balustrade and gazebo on the western terrace by Alan Murray-Rust ST8770 : Corsham Court Gazebo by Paul Brooker SE1646 : Gazebo at The Grange, Burley-in-Wharfedale by Stephen Craven SU9771 : Gazebo, Windsor Great Park by Alan Hunt

Geison - (see Cornice)

Geodesic dome - A structure formed of straight wood or metal members between points (or nodes) on a circular sphere (or part thereof) that are "pinned" at each connection point to two or more other members that transfer loads imposed on the structure to the base of the structure.
SO4350 : King's Pyon by Philip Pankhurst SK1684 : Geodesic Dome Greenhouse in a Derbyshire Garden by Andrew Tryon T1989 : Geodesic domes at Hidden Valley Holiday Park by Oliver Dixon NT2573 : Geodesic dome by William Starkey SP3152 : "The Clearing" at Compton Verney by Oliver Dixon

Grotesque - a very ugly or comically distorted figure or image commonly found on churches. Often confused with gargoyles
TA0321 : Grotesque, St Peter's church, Barton-Upon-Humber by Julian P Guffogg ST9057 : Anthropophagous grotesque, Church of St Mary the Virgin, Steeple Ashton by Brian Robert Marshall SP0243 : Grotesque on St Andrew's church by Philip Halling SJ8990 : A grotesque at St Mary's (3) by Gerald England

Grotto - An exterior submerged room that is decorated with landscaping or art in which has no exterior exit or entrance. One enters and exits only through the building.
NZ0886 : Hartburn Grotto by Andrew Curtis TQ0959 : Inside the Crystal Grotto at Painshill by Marathon TR3570 : The Altar Chamber of the Shell Grotto, Margate by pam fray TQ0451 : Grotto at Clandon Park by Philip Halling


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