Architectural features illustrated

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Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   Text © Copyright October 2021, Adrian S Pye; licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Licence.
Images also under a similar Creative Commons Licence.


H to K


Hip roof - A type of roof where all sides slope downwards from the ridge to the eaves. (see also Roof for other types)
SE2535 : Hipped-roof houses on Broadlea Street by Stephen Craven NJ9409 : RBL building, Balgownie Road, Aberdeen by Stephen Craven SP8901 : Great Missenden: Former Wagon & Horses public house & parish pound or lock-up by Nigel Cox TF0820 : 1900s house by Bob Harvey twin hip TQ6554 : Double Hipped Roof, Herne Pound Cottage by Oast House Archive


Hood mould - An external moulded projection from a wall over an opening to throw off rainwater. Also known as a dripstone.
TF0830 : St James' church:  gargoyle by Bob Harvey SU1790 : Norman doorway, south side, St Leonardís Church, Stanton Fitzwarren, Swindon by Brian Robert Marshall SU1790 : Norman doorway, north side, St Leonardís Church, Stanton Fitzwarren, Swindon by Brian Robert Marshall SS7402 : Doorway, St Petrock's Church, Clannaborough by Derek Harper



Imperial roof decoration - A row of small figures along the unions of the roofs of Chinese official buildings.
NZ2464 : The Chinese arch on St Andrew's Street by Robert Graham NZ2464 : Chinese Arch, St. Andrews Street by Anthony Foster

Interlaced arches - A scheme of decoration employed in Romanesque and Gothic architecture, where arches are thrown from alternate piers, interlacing or intersecting one another. In the former case, the first arch mould is carried alternately over and under the second, in the latter the mouldings actually intersect and stop one another.
SU1338 : Great Durnford, St. Andrew's Church: The Norman font with interlaced arches (detail) by Michael Garlick NO4521 : Romanesque chancel wall, Leuchars parish kirk by Bill Harrison TL1998 : Peterborough Cathedral: blind arcade by Stephen Craven TQ4282 : St Mary Magdalene, High Street South, East Ham - Blind arcade by John Salmon

Ionic order - One of the three orders or organisational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture characterised by columns which stood on the flat pavement of a temple with a base, their vertical shafts fluted with parallel concave grooves topped by a capital with volutes, that flared from the column to meet a rectangular abacus with carved ovolo moulding, at the intersection with the horizontal beam that they carried.
SZ0378 : Columns in Prince Albert Gardens by David Dixon



Jettying - A building technique used in medieval timber frame buildings in which an upper floor projects beyond the dimensions of the floor below.
TL9149 : Lavenham houses [109] by Michael Dibb TL9149 : Lavenham houses [7] by Michael Dibb TL9149 : Lavenham houses [3] by Michael Dibb TL9149 : Lavenham houses [21] by Michael Dibb TL9149 : Lavenham houses [100] by Michael Dibb TL9149 : Lavenham buildings [19] by Michael Dibb



Keystone - The architectural piece at the crown of a vault or arch and marks its apex, locking the other pieces into position.
TF2310 : Triangular keystone by Bob Harvey SE4048 : Keystone by Bob Harvey SO5140 : Keystone on Buttermarket by Philip Halling SO8454 : Figure-head keystones, 61 Broad Street #2 by Philip Halling TL6802 : Keystone by Glyn Baker TQ3082 : Dickens Museum by Peter Trimming SM7524 : Keystone by Alan Hughes NT0974 : Union Canal Bridge 30 - detail by Alan Murray-Rust

KML

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